The Indian Head Nickel was introduced by the US Mint in 1913 and was struck for circulating currency through 1938. While the official name "Indian Head Nickel" certainly describes the coin, most refer to it as the Buffalo Nickel.
Featured on the reverse of the coin is an image of an American Bison, known incorrectly by most as a Buffalo. When settlers first encountered these enormous creatures, they did not know what to call them and compared them to the water buffalo they were familiar with from other continents. Consequently, the name stuck and today Americans use the terms buffalo and bison interchangeably.
- Mint: United States Mint
- Finish/Condition: Circulated
- Metal Content: 75% copper, 25% nickel
- Weight: 5 gms
- Diameter: 21.2mm
- Edge: plain
- Issue Date: 1913-1938
- Face Value: $.05
- Designer/Sculptor: James Earle Fraser